Diabetes means you have too much sugar in your blood. High blood sugar problem starts when your body no longer makes enough of a chemical, or hormone, called insulin.

Your body changes much of the food that you eat into a type of sugar called glucose.

This sugar travels in your blood to all the cells in your body. Your body cells need the sugar to give you energy.

Insulin helps the sugar to move from your blood into your cells. Without insulin, your cells can’t get the sugar they need to keep you energetic.

By moving sugar from your blood to your body cells, insulin helps to keep your blood sugar level normal (not too high; not too low). 

When you don’t have enough insulin to lower high blood sugar levels means you have diabetes.

High blood sugar levels can cause serious health problems

Diabetes can, and must, be treated.


Your body does not make insulin at all

Your body does not make enough insulin, or The insulin that body makes doesn't work right

Blood sugar levels stay high of you don't have enough insulin to move sugar from your blood into your cells. 


In type 2 diabetes, the body can make some insulin, but not enough.

Or the insulin, the body makes does not work right 

Type 2 diabetes often starts in adults, but children can have too.

It is more common in overweight people or if someone in the family has diabetes.