- Newly Diagnosed
- Basics of Diabetes
- Type 1
- Type 2
- New to Insulin
- Everyday Rituals
- What to Eat
- Festive Mood
Cholesterol is of 2 types:
Poor diet: Eating saturated fat, found in animal products and trans fats, found in some commercially baked cookies can raise your cholesterol level.
Poor lifestyle like,
How is high cholesterol diagnosed?
Eat A Healthy Diet
Maintain A Healthy Weight
To keep your skin smooth and soft, rub a thin coat of lotion, cream, or petroleum jelly on the tops and bottoms of your feet. Do not put lotion or cream between your toes because moistness might cause an infection.
If You Have Nerve Damage From Diabetes, You May Burn Your Feet And Not Know You Did. Take The Following Steps To Protect Your Feet From Heat:
Try the following tips to improve blood flow to your feet:
Ask your health care team to check your feet at each visit. Take off your shoes and socks when you’re in the exam room so they will remember to check your feet. At least once a year, get a thorough foot exam, including a check of the feeling and pulses in your feet.
Call your health care provider right away if you have a cut, blister, or bruise on your foot that does not start to heal after a few daysskin on your foot that becomes red, warm, or painful—signs of a possible infectiona callus with dried blood inside of it, which often can be the first sign of a wound under the callusa foot infection that becomes black and smelly—signs you might have gangrene.
Diabetic Foot Screening for Peripheral Neuropathy Monofilament-
Test for touch-pressure sensation, Monofilament assess the four main areas of the plantar surface of the foot (Avoiding the areas of the callus).1st, 3rd, and 5th, metatarsal heads and the planter surface of the hallux (Big toe) are the preferred sites for the test.
Test for vibration loss, Vibrating fork is placed on hallux (Big toe) and doctor will ask you for feel vibration
Biothesiometer or Vibrameter-
Measure vibration perception threshold (VPT)
Tip-Therm or test tubes-
Test temperature sensation
Percussion hammer or Reflex hammer-
Test for ankle reflex
Having diabetes means that you are more likely to develop heart disease and have a greater chance of a heart attack or a stroke. People with diabetes are also more likely to have certain conditions, or risk factors, that increase the chances of having heart disease or stroke, such as high blood pressure or high cholesterol.
If you have diabetes, you can protect your heart and health by managing your blood glucose, also called blood sugar, as well as your blood pressure and cholesterol. If you smoke, get help to quit.
An ECG records the electrical activity of the heart. The heart produces tiny electrical impulses which spread through the heart muscle to make the heart contract.An ECG records the electrical activity of the heart. The heart produces tiny electrical impulses which spread through the heart muscle to make the heart contract.
These impulses can be detected by the ECG machine. You may have an ECG to help find the cause of symptoms such as the feeling of a 'thumping heart' (palpitations) or chest pain.
The ECG test is painless and harmless.
The electrodes on the different parts of the body detect electrical impulses coming from different directions within the heart. There are normal patterns for each electrode. Various heart disorders produce abnormal patterns. The heart disorders that can be detected include:
Your doctor may use an echo test to look at your heart’s structure and check how well your heart is working.
This test may be needed if
Echo tests are done by trained sonographers. You may have your test done in your doctor’s office, an emergency room, an operating room, a hospital clinic or a hospital room.
Before your test
On the day of your test·
After your test
A CT angiogram may be better than a traditional angiogram for people who have only a moderate risk of coronary artery disease Some reasons to have a CT angiogram to find:
The minerals calcium and phosphorous will be checked often. Even in the early stages of chronic kidney disease, phosphorous levels in the blood can get too high.
This can cause:
Tips to keep from becoming thirsty include:
Reducing sodium in your diet helps you control high blood pressure. It also keeps you from being thirsty and prevents your body from holding onto extra fluid. It is likely that you will need to cut down the sodium in your diet.
Look for these words on food labels:
Check all labels to see how much salt or sodium foods contain per serving. Also, avoid foods that list salt near the beginning of the ingredients. Look for products with less than 100 mg of salt per serving.
DO NOT use salt when cooking and take the salt shaker away from the table. Most other herbs are safe, and you can use them to flavour your food instead of salt.
DO NOT use salt substitutes because they contain potassium. People with chronic kidney disease also need to limit their potassium.
Normal blood levels of potassium help keep your heart beating steadily. However, too much potassium can build up when the kidneys no longer function well. Dangerous heart rhythms may result, which can lead to death.
Potassium is found in many food groups, including fruits and vegetables. Choosing the right item from each food group can help control your potassium levels.
When eating fruits:
When eating vegetables:
You might not have any until your condition becomes severe. When you do start having symptoms, you might notice: