Type 1 English – What is Diabetes?

Diabetes means you have too much sugar in your blood. High blood sugar problem starts when your body no longer makes enough of a chemical, or hormone, called insulin. Your body changes much of the food that you eat into a type of sugar called glucose. This sugar travels in your blood to all the cells in your body. Your body cells need the sugar to give you energy. Insulin helps sugar to move from your blood into your cells. Without insulin, your cells can’t get the sugar they need to keep you energetic. By moving sugar from your blood to your body cells, insulin helps to keep your blood sugar level normal (not too high; not too low). When you don’t have enough insulin to lower high blood sugar levels means you have diabetes. High blood sugar levels can cause serious health problems Diabetes can, and must, be treated.

Type 1 English – When you have Diabetes?

Your body does not make insulin at all Your body does not make enough insulin, or the insulin that body makes doesn't work right. Blood sugar levels stay high of you doesn’t have enough insulin to move sugar from your blood into your cells.

Type 1 English – Type 1 Diabetes

In this type 1 diabetes, the body cannot make insulin. Type 1 diabetes occurs more often in the children and young adults than in older adults. People with type 1 diabetes must inject insulin to control their blood sugar.

Type 1 English – Symptoms of type 1 diabetes

  • Excessive thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • A fruity-like smell
  • Fatigue weakness
  • Sugar in urine
  • Excessive weight loss

Type 1 English – Complications of diabetes

Insulin is the hormone necessary to carry glucose (produced from the foods you eat) from the bloodstream into the body’s cells, where it is used for energy. When there is not enough insulin, glucose builds up in the blood, putting people at risk for serious health problems including
  • Heart attacks and stroke
  • Kidney problems
  • Numbness in the feet and sores that don’t heal
  • Vision problems
You can help prevent or delay the long term complications of diabetes by keeping blood glucose levels as normal as possible.